It America the Penny Papers was a tabloid style newspaper produced in the United States during the mid- 19th century. The paper was deeply partisan, often controlled by political parties and business men. The articles put forward a point of view and sometimes there could be useful information in them.
The Penny Papers were writing material for people who were not highly education. Tapping into regular public.
Yellow Journalism or the yellow press is a type of journalism that presents crime stories, emotive headlines and big striking pictures to make people read it. The paper focuses on using eye catching headlines and images to draw in readership. The news in the yellow press made readers react in a sensual way whether it be shock or loss. The stories would be of human interest stories, to make us react and care about the stories and along side this Big pictures were used to gain readers interest and simple tabloid words were used. The Sun on Sunday- is the Yellow Press it’s tabloid journalism.
Some people will describe The Yellow Press like a "frozen television." But it was the first New Journalism. It was a radical shift.
Many called Yellow Journalism the New Journalism without a soul. All the stories were about sin, sex and violence.- Good investigative journalism carried out by the yellow press.
The world of William Randolph Hearst of the new york journal and Joseph Pulitzer of the New York World
1960s was particularly turbulent. JFK gave great hope and wanted to represent the American Dream. His assignation was a moment of soul searching for America.
Political repercussions then took place.
He believed an act of violence of extreme expression of choice. Violence will be the way to push to freedom. Key ideas are the freedom of choice for example Fanon’s view of a path to freedom via accelerated choice (violence)
Anti established feeling of “there is a policeman inside your head he must be destroyed” began to steep into journalism.
- You can’t say everything is great when they are not.
New forms of journalism started to emerge.
Hot media is explicit about what its telling you, very daily mail. No choice about what you are reading.
Cool media is the “man men” its ambiguous you have to interpret the media. You see whats happening but you make the decision on what is happening.
American author and journalist, Tom Wolfe is well known for his association and influence over New Journalism.
explains the setting/ surroundings but the reader can feel closer to the scene.
It was all about natural realism. He was a fan of Emile Zola. One of the greatest writers of natural realism. She fascinates about the small detail of the setting.
- You would have to reflect the dialogue and scene. “realistic dialogue” involves the reader more than other single devise.
- third person point of view- giving the reader the feeling of being inside the interviewee’s mind.
- Record everyday gestures, habits, manners, customs, styles of furniture, modes of behavior towards children, superiors, inferiors and other symbolic details that might exist within a scene. Symbolic people’s status life.